Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn for Startups and Tech Jobs

Welcome tech enthusiasts! In today’s digital era, programming languages aren’t just tools – they’re keys to unlock a world of opportunity. As we journey through the top 10 programming languages, consider this: the demand for developers is skyrocketing, with tech giants seeking talent. Salaries for skilled coders are hitting record highs, with some professionals earning as high as $180,000 in the US and 35 lakhs per annum in India at entry level, promising a rewarding career. These languages aren’t just code – they’re shaping the future of technology, from AI to cybersecurity. Join us as we unveil the programming languages that are paving the way to innovation and prosperity.

Number 10: Swift

Let’s kick off our countdown with Swift, the language that makes iOS app development a breeze. Introduced by Apple in 2014, Swift is known for its exceptional speed and safety features. It’s the driving force behind apps on your iPhone, ensuring they run smoothly and efficiently. The demand for Swift developers is on the rise as mobile app usage continues to surge. Companies like Apple, Google, Uber, and Airbnb are eager to hire Swift developers. The average salary for Swift developers ranges from $80,000 to $120,000 per year in the US and 8.65 lakhs to 14 lakhs in India, making it an attractive choice for those entering the world of mobile app development.

Number 9: TypeScript

At number nine we have TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript. TypeScript was introduced by Microsoft in 2012 and has gained popularity for its ability to catch errors early in the development process. The static typing feature adds a layer of reliability to JavaScript, making it a favorite amongst developers working on large scale projects. Companies like Microsoft, Google, Slack, and Airbnb recognize the value of TypeScript in building robust web applications. Skilled TypeScript developers can expect to earn between $90,000 and $130,000 annually in the US and 7 to 12 lakhs in India, making it a promising career choice for those seeking to master this language.

Number 8: Ruby

Claiming the eighth spot is Ruby, known for its elegant and developer-friendly syntax. Ruby has been around since the mid-1990s and it’s the language behind the Ruby on Rails framework which has revolutionized web development. Its simplicity and readability have made it a popular choice among developers. Companies like Airbnb, Shopify, GitHub, and Basecamp appreciate Ruby’s craftsmanship. Ruby developers typically earn salaries ranging from $70,000 to $120,000 a year in the US and 5 to 10 lakhs in India, and its versatility in web development ensures it remains a solid choice for those looking to build web applications with ease.

Number 7: Go

Go, often referred to as Golang, takes the seventh position in our list. Created by Google in 2007, Go is making waves in the development world. Go is celebrated for its efficiency and speed, making it an excellent choice for building scalable applications. Companies like Google, Uber, Dropbox, and SoundCloud have adopted Go for various projects. The demand for Go developers is steadily increasing and it offers a competitive salary range typically between $100,000 and $150,000 per year in the US and 8 to 10 lakhs in India. If you’re looking to dive into the world of high performance computing, Go is a language to consider.

Number 6: Kotlin

Landing at number six is Kotlin, the Android developer’s best friend. Kotlin was introduced by JetBrains in 2011 but gained prominence when it received official support from Google for Android app development in 2017. It’s recognized for its clean and concise code which reduces boilerplate and makes development more enjoyable. Kotlin has become the preferred language for Android app development and companies like Google, Pinterest, Trello, and Basecamp are amongst its enthusiasts. Skilled Kotlin developers can expect to earn salaries in the range of $80,000 to $130,000 per year in the US and 7 to 10 lakhs in India. With the continuous growth of the Android app ecosystem, Kotlin offers a promising future for mobile development.

Number 5: Python

Python takes the fifth position in our list. Created by Guido van Rossum in the late 1980s, Python has evolved into one of the most versatile and widely used programming languages. Python’s applications range from web development to data science, artificial intelligence, and more. Companies like Google, Facebook, Instagram, Netflix, and Dropbox heavily rely on Python for various aspects of their operations. Python developers are in high demand, and salaries for skilled professionals typically range from $90,000 to $140,000 per year in the US and 6 to 10 lakhs in India. Its extensive library support and community make it an excellent choice for those looking to dive into the world of programming.

Number 4: JavaScript

At number four we have JavaScript, the backbone of web development. Developed by Netscape in the mid-1990s, JavaScript has undergone significant transformations over the years. With the introduction of Node.js, JavaScript expanded its reach to server-side scripting, making it a powerful and versatile language. Companies like Amazon, Netflix, PayPal, and Airbnb depend on JavaScript to deliver interactive and dynamic web experiences. JavaScript developers typically earn salaries ranging from $80,000 to $140,000 a year in the US and 7 to 12 lakhs in India. Its ubiquity ensures that it remains a solid choice for any developer looking to excel in web development.

Number 3: Rust

Stepping into the top three is Rust, known for its focus on safety and performance. Rust was first released by Mozilla in 2010 and it’s gained significant attention for its unique features. It’s designed to prevent memory-related bugs and ensure safe concurrent programming. Companies like Mozilla, Dropbox, Microsoft, and Red Hat have embraced Rust for various projects. While Rust has a steeper learning curve compared to some other languages, the rewards for Rust developers are substantial. Salaries typically range from $100,000 to $150,000 per year in the US and 8 to 10 lakhs in India. If you’re passionate about writing efficient and secure code, Rust is a language worth mastering.

Number 2: Java

Claiming the second position is Java, the evergreen language. Java was introduced by James Gosling and his team at Sun Microsystems in the mid-1990s. It has since become the cornerstone of many enterprise-level applications. Companies like Oracle, IBM, Amazon, and many financial institutions heavily rely on Java to keep their systems running smoothly. A career in Java promises job security and competitive salaries. Java developers typically earn salaries in the range of $90,000 to $140,000 per year in the US and 6 to 10 lakhs in India. Its widespread use ensures a stable and prosperous future for those who master it.

Number 1: C#

Finally, at the top of our list is C#, also known as C Sharp. C# was developed by Microsoft in the early 2000s and has since become the go-to language for game development, particularly with the Unity game engine. Companies like Ubisoft, Electronic Arts, Microsoft, and many game studios eagerly hire C# developers. The average salary for C# developers typically ranges from $80,000 to $140,000 per year in the US and 7 to 12 lakhs in India. With its relatively gentle learning curve and exciting opportunities in the gaming industry, C# tops our list for 2024.

There you have it – the top 10 programming languages of 2024. From Swift’s mobile magic to C#’s game-changing prowess, each language offers a unique path to success in the tech world. As technology continues to evolve, the demand for skilled developers will only grow. So choose your language, start coding, and seize the opportunity that awaits in the exciting digital landscape!


This comprehensive article covers the top 10 most in-demand and lucrative programming languages to learn in 2024 for aspiring developers and programmers. Based on several factors like average salary, job growth, versatility, and adoption by top tech companies, we have ranked languages like Python, JavaScript, Java, C#, Swift, Go, Ruby, Kotlin, TypeScript, and Rust. With the right skills in these futuristic languages, programmers can unlock rewarding and high-paying tech jobs and build innovative applications, websites and products for startups as well as giants like Google, Microsoft, Facebook, and Apple. Whether you’re a coding novice or professional, learning and mastering these programming languages can open doors to amazing tech careers, especially in booming domains like mobile app development, AI, cloud computing, game development and web development.